Racial Diversity of Hunger — an article by David Bacon

Familes receive food at a food distribution organized every week at Columbian Gardens in East Oakland, in the heart of one of the poorest neighborhoods in the San Francisco Bay Area.

(It is a crucial question to counter the coding in certain phrases like “underclass,” “gang-related,”  “welfare queen” and “homeless.”  These are often merely subterfuges for identifying the object of conversation as either black or brown.  Here David Bacon reports on the colors of poverty in Oakland.  They are many.  There is a war going on against the poor.  It’s important to describe it properly, characterize it accurately.  Otherwise we have little chance of combating that war effectively. — Lew]

Date: Wed, 16 Dec 2009 08:42:37 -0800
From: David Bacon <dbacon@igc.org>

By David Bacon
East Bay Express, 11/25/09

images photographed by David Bacon

Everyone knows Oakland, CA, is a diverse community.  Probably more people from more races and nationalities live in the city than anywhere west of New York or north of Los Angeles.  But before we celebrate diversity, think of its most diverse places.  Some of them are surely the lines of hungry people lining up for food.

Oakland has many food pantries — programs run mostly by churches on a shoestring.  Church elders are often found at the Alameda County Community Food Bank’s huge warehouse out by the airport, searching for ways to stretch their donations into the bags they know will run out when the people line up.

Most families in Columbian Gardens are African American or immigrants from Mexico, and don't have enough money to buy food or pay rent.

Reverend Lee from the Cornerstone Baptist Church, a food bank stalwart, fills the small storefront off MacArthur with white plastic bags of cans, dried goods and bread.  Then the people come.  Mostly Chinese-American and African-American families here get their food from the African American activists from his church.

On the other side of the airport, in a park by the freeway sound wall next to the 98th Avenue exit, a very diverse group of Asian, Black, Latino and white folks bag up fruit and vegetables.  Early in the morning families, mostly Mexican immigrants, arrive to get numbers and wait.  After the big food bank truck unloads and the baggers begin work, Columbian Gardens breathes a sigh of relief as people once again have food for the coming week.

Food for the Columbian Gardens program comes from the Alameda County Community Food Bank.

The early morning is the arrival time also for the Good Samaritan food pantry, in the close-in neighborhood of East Oakland some folks call New Chinatown.  Older Chinese immigrant women line up their shopping carts, and sit and stand on the sidewalk across the street from a small, ramshackle house filled with food.  Then, joined by African Americans and Latinos, they trade numbers for bags, and patiently surround huge cardboard bins of lettuce, cucumbers and pears.

A third of the people in Oakland’s hungry families are younger than 18, and a quarter are over 50.  With Oakland’s unemployment rate over 12%, less than a quarter of food pantry clients get most of their income from a job, although probably most work.  Just a look at the people in line tells you the basic facts behnd the numbers, however.  Oakland has thousands of families who don’t have enough to eat — of all races and nationalities.

For more articles and images, see  http://dbacon.igc.org

For a Press TV interview about racism, globalization and illegality, see http://www.presstv.com/programs/detail.aspx?sectionid=3510529&id=112065#112065

Good Samaritan Food Pantry distributes food to Oakland residents on the sidewalk in front of a house where food is stored and bagged.

See also Illegal People — How Globalization Creates Migration and Criminalizes Immigrants  (Beacon Press, 2008)
Recipient: C.L.R. James Award, best book of 2007-2008

See also the photodocumentary on indigenous migration to the US
Communities Without Borders (Cornell University/ILR Press, 2006)

See also The Children of NAFTA, Labor Wars on the U.S./Mexico Border (University of California, 2004)


There is very little space in the small house, so the food is distributed on the street outside. Before the distribution starts, dozens of people, many of them immigrants from Mexico, China and Vietnam, line the sidewalk on both sides of the street. East Oakland, where Good Samaritan is located, is one of the poorest neighborhoods of the San Francisco Bay Area.

David Bacon, Photographs and Stories



School Closing in Los Angeles: Why Does This Seem So Familiar?

[From the Los Angeles Times, which, by the way, is a wholly owned subsidiary of the Chicago Tribune . . .  this message was forwarded by LA teachers and parents active in the movement to stop school closings and publicized a December 15 school board meeting.  Not coincidentally, the Chicago School Board met today, December 16, and one item on the agenda was the school, Carver, closed in the Altgeld Gardens housing project 2 years ago, then opened as a selective admission military academy.  At that time and currently, less than 1/3 of the school is being used.  Now, with the local children unable to find placement in the academy, students have been dispersed, especially to the new “neighborhood” school that is 5 miles and 2 buses away.  This school, Fenger, is a Chicago “turnaround” school in which teachers mostly were fired and new ones hired.  Teachers become the scapegoats for a failing educational system which refuses to (1) examine what education is about today, hence relies on the No Child Left Behind process; and (2) even within the confines of NCLB, allocates funding unequally, thus guaranteeing unequal education based on class and race; and has turned away from  public responsibility for an educated society in favor of the market model and privatization through charter schools.  These steps are included in the model organized and implemented in Chicago under the leadership of Mayor Daley when he took over the operation of the schools, and his education CEO Arne Duncan. Duncan, by the way, should at least be credited for literary inventiveness.  He operated the redesign of the public school system into a Balkanized privatized plan from an office under name plate “John Galt Solutions.”  You may recall that Ayn Rand starts her famous novel Atlas Shrugged with the sentence “Who is John Galt?”  From the 19th floor of the building housing the Chicago Board of Education, this office boldly proclaims; “The current financial crisis has made the philosophies presented by Ayn Rand in Atlas Shrugged a hot topic.” Duncan not only found out but determined how to turn public need into private profit. ]

Crime | Government | Medical marijuana | Education | Swine flu | Traffic | Westside


Southern California — this just in

L.A. school officials will shut down Fremont High and start over

December 9, 2009 |  7:21 pm
School officials will shut down low-performing Fremont High in the Florence neighborhood of L.A., dismiss its staff and reopen the school starting from scratch, the district confirmed today.

The controversial strategy, called “reconstitution,” has never before been tried by the Los Angeles Unified School District.

In the works for weeks, the move was announced Wednesday afternoon to the Fremont staff by Supt. Ramon C. Cortines. He moved up a scheduled Thursday meeting at the school when he found out The Times had learned of his plans for Fremont.

The news comes on the eve of a Los Angeles visit by U.S. Education Secretary Arne Duncan, who is expected to talk about acting aggressively to address high school “dropout factories.”

Turnaround models endorsed by Duncan closely mirror Cortines’ intended strategy for Fremont. In an interview, Cortines said that he’ll invite Fremont teachers to reapply for their jobs but that they won’t necessarily return. And if they do, they will have to sign an “elect-to-work” agreement that will establish special rules. Displaced Fremont teachers would be allowed to remain with L.A. Unified at other schools, he added.

Cortines insisted that the timing of his move was unrelated to Duncan’s visit.

“I had this in mind long before,” he said.

Fremont has long endured high dropout rates and low standardized test scores.  The superintendent said he was following through with his earlier vow not to tolerate poorly performing schools. Fremont will not be the last reconstitution if other schools don’t show marked improvement, he said.

The move opened another front of conflict with United Teachers Los Angeles. On Tuesday, a UTLA rally in front of L.A. Unified headquarters brought out 700 demonstrators to protest impending budget cuts.

The union is also threatening to sue over a school-control resolution passed by the Board of Education in August. Under the measure, 12 low-performing existing schools and 18 new campuses are up for bid to be operated by groups inside and outside the district.

Fremont escaped the resolution’s reach because the school’s scores rose last year. But they didn’t increase enough to satisfy Cortines, for whom the campus will become a personal project, remaining directly under district control.

Union officials learned of the Fremont strategy today, said Mat Taylor, a Fremont English teacher who is a UTLA representative for schools in that area.

“I feel really bad for the students of Fremont because reconstitution doesn’t even begin to work,” Taylor said. “It’s just grandstanding, Cortines grabbing headlines, making it look like the district is doing something but just blaming the people at the school.”

He added: “The reason why Fremont isn’t as successful as it could be is the way Fremont has been run by the district and the issues of poverty. Reconstitution says it’s the teachers’ fault, and we completely reject that.”

Reconstitutions have been tried elsewhere, including in Chicago, where Duncan served as superintendent before joining the Obama administration. The closest example is Muir High in Pasadena. Locke High, near Watts, is the most similar effort in L.A. Unified. But that makeover was handled by a charter school company, which took over the campus.

[Update: An earlier version of this item incorrectly identified the name of the Pasadena high school that has been reconstituted.]

— Howard Blume

[ The comments in this article are instructive:  http://latimesblogs.latimes.com/lanow/2009/12/la-school-officials-will-shut-down-fremont-high-and-start-over.html#comments ]